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Impact evaluation of the Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting Programme (PDEP)

The Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting (PDEP) is a parent support programme aimed at eliminating parents’ use of physical and humiliating punishment. It provides parents with a framework for understanding, and responding constructively to, parent-child conflict. By increasing parents’ knowledge of child development, their skills in scaffolding children’s learning, and their empathy with children’s emotions, it is expected that PDEP will lead to a significant reduction in punishment and a significant increase in parenting behaviours that promote children’s healthy development. It was developed by Dr. Joan E. Durrant together with Save the Children Sweden and is built on two foundational pillars – the elimination of physical and humiliating punishment of children, and the promotion of the rights of all children as outlined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is theoretically grounded and based on research in neurobiology, cognitive psychology, and emotional regulation. It is a universal violence prevention programme and the target group is parents, rather than children, with the aim of shifting parents’ thinking so that they reduce their use of physical and humiliating punishment and increase their use of problem-solving methods that promote children’s healthy development.

The purpose of this assignment is to conduct an impact evaluation of PDEP in order to develop a better understanding of what works, how and under what conditions in relation to the Programme. The evaluation should also investigate the costs of the programme in relation to results achieved. As per the TORs, the evaluation has three main objectives:

  1. To assess whether the PDEP programme as implemented in Kosovo has achieved its intended results, in particular (but not limited to) in reducing the use of physical and humiliating punishment by parents and caregivers. The method used for this part of the assignment will be Outcome Harvesting
  2. To identify and describe the external/contextual factors which enhance or hinder the impact of PDEP in particular (but not limited to) in reducing the use of physical and humiliating punishment by parents and caregivers. The method used for this part of the assignment will be Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
  3. To carry out a Value for Money analysis of the intervention. The method used for this part of the assignment will be expert judgement against DFID’s 3Es (efficiency, economy and effectiveness).

Kosovo has been selected as an appropriate country to study the impact of the PDEP programme. The focus will be on the 2017 round of PDEP implementation.

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